Zotero is a software tool for managing research materials. It holds and organizes citation data; PDFs, images, web snapshots, and other digital forms of source; and your notes and tags on those materials. It can also interface with your word processor to produce your citations in virtually any style you desire. Historians strongly prefer Chicago Note-style citation, but Zotero can also produce APA, MLA, AMA, Chicago Author-Date, and many others – and switch a project from one style to another, as well.
This guide is intended to help students in History to get started using the software in their writing.
To make Zotero work fully, you’ll need to install a few things on your computer, in this order:
- Either Chrome or Firefox as your web browser
- Either MS Word or LibreOffice as your word processor
- Zotero Standalone
- The Zotero plugin for your preferred browser (See point 1)
- The Chicago No Ibid style, from the Zotero style library.
Below you’ll find two videos that walk you through the installation processes, which are generally quite painless.
Downloading and installing Zotero Standalone and the Chrome Browser extension:
Downloading and installing the “Chicago no Ibid” citation style:
Using Zotero for Gathering Research Materials
Zotero allows you to gather and store as much citation data is available about a resource you are investigating with one click of a web browser button. The software interfaces relatively well with almost all library catalogues and research databases, and with Google Books, Google Scholar, Amazon.com, and many more platforms. In platforms such as JStor, which hold content as well as citations, Zotero will even attempt automatically to append a PDF of the cited material directly to the citation. (It does not always work, but there are ways to do this by hand!)
NOTE: This method of gathering information is only as trustworthy as the web site you are gathering data from. For this reason, a critical part of using Zotero is that you must always double-check every citation you gather for errors, typos, or missing information. If you take the time to check and correct citations as you gather them, the rest of your writing process will be much quicker, and far more professional!
For a demonstration on how to use Zotero to gather citations from library catalogues and databases, watch this video:
Sometimes, the material you need to cite will not be available from a digital database, but that’s ok! You can also enter it by hand. This video shows you how:
Here’s how to edit citations already imported, so that you can correct errors:
Using Zotero to Organize your Resources
Zotero allows you to organize the things you gather in a variety of ways. You can make folders containing only the sources you need for a given project or topic; you can add research materials to the citations; you can add your own notes and tags, as well. The following videos show you how.
Adding PDFs and other materials to your citations:
Adding notes about the research materials:
Using Zotero to Generate Citations and Bibliographies in Papers
Zotero is remarkably helpful in the process of generating citations and bibliographies. Again, all of these citations must be checked for accuracy, but assuming you’ve gathered clean data, you can also place accurate, correctly-formatted citations in your papers, in the style of your choice, with only a few clicks. Those functions are most easily found under the “Zotero” tab in your word processor. The following videos show you how:
To insert Chicago citations using Zotero, use the second method shown in this video! It’s the sensible, easy one:
To create a bibliography:
Changing Your Citation Style For Other Disciplines
In case you need a different style, here’s a video on how to use Zotero to flip from on citation style to another in a document you have already created.
What you find here is just the basics. For more information, here are two options:
1. The full documentation and support for Zotero.
2. YouTube is full of Zotero support videos, and a quick search using keywords related to your specific concern is likely to turn up a video that can help you!